IPI International Potash Institute
IPI International Potash Institute

Scientific abstracts

Title:
Potassium Fertilization Improves Apple Fruit (Malus domestica Borkh. Cv. Fuji) Development by Regulating Trehalose Metabolism
Authors:
Zhang, W., N.S. Zhang, J.J. Zhao, Y.P. Guo, Z.Y. Zhao, and L.X. Mei
Published in:
J. Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 92(5):539-549 (2017), English

Abstract:

Potassium (K) fertilization and antioxidant enzymes both positively influence plant growth and development. However, it is not known whether K treatment improves fruit development via increasing soluble sugar. In this study, K-treated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) fruit was harvested from 60 to 150 days after full bloom and was analyzed for ROS production and trehalose metabolism. The results show that K fertilization improved fruit firmness, increased growth according to several parameters, increased soluble sugar content, and decreased ROS production. The ascorbate metabolic pathway more effectively reduced ROS production than catalase and peroxidase (POD) did under K treatment. Trehalose-treated fruit also showed higher activity of ascorbate-related enzymes (DHAR, GR, and APX) compared with non-treated fruit. The changes of antioxidant enzyme activity in trehalose-treated fruit corresponded to those in K-treated fruit. Moreover, trehalase (TREH) activity in fruit was notably reduced by K treatment. This demonstrates that K influences ROS production via regulating trehalose content and TREH activity in fruit. This study provides new insight into the K mechanism which improves fruit development, including fruit firmness and size.

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