IPI International Potash Institute
IPI International Potash Institute

Scientific abstracts

Title:
Maintenance of Mesophyll Potassium and Regulation of Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase are Associated with Physiological Responses of Tea Plants to Drought and Subsequent Rehydration
Authors:
Xianchen Zhang, Honghong Wu, Linmu Chen, Linlin Liu, and Xiaochun Wan
Published in:
The Crop Journal 2018, English

Abstract:

Drought stress is one of the main factors limiting yield in tea plants. The plant cell's ability to preserve K+ homeostasis is an important strategy for coping with drought stress. Plasma membrane H+-ATPase in the mesophyll cell is important for maintaining membrane potential to regulate K+ transmembrane transport. However, no research to date has investigated the possible relationship between plasma membrane H+-ATPase and mesophyll K+ retention in tea plants under drought and subsequent rehydration conditions. In our experiment, drought stress inhibited plasma membrane H+-ATPase activities and induced net H+ influx, leading to membrane potential depolarization and inducing a massive K+ efflux in tea plant mesophyll cells. Subsequent rehydration increased plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity and induced net H+ efflux, leading to membrane potential hyperpolarization and thus lowering K+ loss. A first downregulated and then upregulated plasma membrane H+-ATPase protein expression level was also observed under drought and subsequent rehydration treatment, a finding in agreement with the change of measured plasma membrane H+-ATPase activities. Taken together, our results suggest that maintenance of mesophyll K+ in tea plants under drought and rehydration is associated with regulation of plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity.

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