- Contents - e-ifc No. 10
- Research Findings
- Rice in Asia and the global food supply
- Ecological Intensification in Rice: Concept and Evaluation
- The principles of Site-Specific Nutrient Management
- Reaching Towards Optimal Productivity
- The need for Potassium fertilization in rice and experiences from a long-term experiment in Indonesia
- Nutrient Decision Support Systems (NuDSS) for Irrigated Rice
- Farmer participatory development and evaluation of locally adapted nutrient management practices
- Implications of site-specific nutrient management in irrigated rice on future fertilizer use in Asia
- IPI Events
- New Publications
- K in the Literature
- K for thought
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Nutrient management of Rice is the scope of this edition of e-ifc No. 10. Grown on some 153 million ha it provides food for millions of consumers as well as income and livelihoods to a myriad of farmers, most of them living in Asia. It is a story of success: Starting with a yield of 1.9 t/ha in 1961, it reached 2.7 t/ha in 1980 and these days can reach yields of 4 t/ha, demonstrating an increase in yield of almost one tonne every twenty years.
Without these yield increases the paddy area would have to be double of its present size to achieve the current output of nearly 600 million tonnes. In other words, increasing yields contributed substantially to safeguard of both the natural resources land and water.
I am extremely pleased to have received from scientists of the International Rice Research Institute, IRRI and from our regional office in Singapore a range of articles covering in eight chapters (see the Research findings of this edition) the following topics: (I) rice production and food supply in Asia, (II) concept and evaluation of ecological intensification of rice, (III) principles of site specific nutrient management (SSNM), (IV) practical fertilization recommendations for rice, (V) the need for potassium in fertilization of rice, (VI) description of a nutrient support system (NuDSS) for irrigated rice, (VII) a look at farmers' role in developing new fertilization strategies and finally (VIII), a description of the implications of nutrient requirements in rice towards 2020.
IPI started supporting research at IRRI on nutrient management in rice in 1998. In 2001, the 'RTOP' workgroup was established at IRRI with funds received from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the International Fertilizer Association (IFA), the Potash and Phosphate Institute (PPI-PPIC) and the International Potash Institute (IPI). Later on, four workgroups dealing with nutrients, water, weeds and post harvest formed the International Rice Research Consortium (IRRC). This long term global commitment is an excellent example of a fruitful, long term partnership in research and extension, between donors, research and industry. IPI is striving for similar cooperation in the future with more crops in other regions.
Special thanks are due to Dr. Roland Buresh, senior soil scientist at IRRI and Dr. Christian Witt, Director of the South East Asia Program (SEAP), PPI-PPIC and IPI for their contribution to the 'Research Findings' section in this edition of e-ifc.
178 years ago, Carl Sprengel (1787-1859) conducted basic and high impact research on soil fertility and plant nutrition, which led to the formation of the theory of the 'Law of Minimum'. Today, this basic theory guides us to continue research for even more efficient and sustainable plant nutrition. As 2006 is closing, we look to the future and wish our readers a happy, prosperous, fruitful year in 2007.
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21 August 2013