- Contents - e-ifc No. 29
- Research Findings
- Introduction: Nitrogen-Potassium Interaction in Soil-Plant Systems: A Special Session of the IPI-INI-ING at N2010, New Delhi, India
- The Effects of Nitrogen Form on Interactions with Potassium
- Physiological and Molecular Responses of Rice to N, P, K and Mg Deficiencies
- Role of Potassium Nutrition in Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cereals
- Calculation of Carbon Footprint of Potash at Dead Sea Works, Israel
- Management of Potassium in Plant and Soil Systems in China
- Other Events
- Proceedings of the International Symposium on 'Soil Management and Potash Fertilizer Uses in West Asia and North Africa Region'
- Soil Carbon Sequestration for Climate Change Mitigation and Food Security
- Rice-Maize Systems in Asia: Current Situation and Potential
- Publications by the PDA
- K in the Literature
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In this edition we are pleased to include papers presented at IPI’s special session entitled “Nitrogen and Potassium Interaction in Plant Nutrition”, held during the 5th International Nitrogen Conference in Delhi (3-7 December 2010) and organized by the Indian Nitrogen Group (ING-SCON) and the International Nitrogen Initiative (INI).
Non-leguminous crop plants, take up nitrogen almost exclusively in two ionic forms (NH4+ and NO3-). This uptake drives plant growth with dry matter N concentration ranging from 0.5-6 percent, a value only slightly lower than that of potassium at 0.8-8 percent. These N containing ions are derived from mineral fertilizers, mineralization of organic matter, and soil microbiological processes including nitrification. Additionally, with the rise of reactive nitrogen in the environment, some N inputs come directly from atmospheric deposition as well as indirectly from irrigation water.
Legumes fix atmospheric nitrogen contributing a significant amount of soil N, which benefits other crops when planted in mixed cropping systems. These multiple factors all make calculations of Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) rather complex. Until it is possible through biotechnology to create a “super non-legume plant” which absorbs N from the atmosphere (will this ever be achieved?), management of the fertilization process clearly plays a key role in improving NUE. In this respect, potassium, via its role in the uptake and translocation of N and protein formation in the plant, deserves special attention.
The papers included in this edition from IPI’s special session relate to the improvement of NUE through N-K interaction. Brar et al. discuss this topic in cereals, with a sound agronomic approach; Cai et al. examine the physiological and molecular responses of rice to N, P, K and Mg deficiencies, and Bar Tal looks at NK interactions in the soil.
Finally, we look at the energy cost (in terms of GHG or CO2 equiv. emissions) of potash production. The report shows that in comparison to other nutrients, the greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint of potash is relatively low. In times when energy costs and GHG are of major concern, this type of calculation provides a valuable extra tool to make the right decision for efficient nutrient management.
We trust this eclectic collection will prove interesting and informative, and wish you all an enjoyable read.
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21 August 2013